Imperial College London

Imperial College London is a public research university located in London, United Kingdom. Imperial’s origins lie with Prince Albert, Queen Victoria’s husband, who championed creating a centre for science, technology and the arts in the area around South Kensington, which came to be known as “Albertopolis” and also comprises the Natural History Museum, Victoria and Albert Museum and Science Museum. Imperial has grown through mergers, including with St Mary’s Hospital Medical School , the National Heart and Lung Institute and Charing Cross and Westminster Medical School . Queen Elizabeth II opened the recently established Imperial College Business School building in 2004.

Imperial is organised into four faculties – science, engineering, medicine and business – within which there are more than 40 departments, institutes and research centres. The main campus is located in Kensington with additional campuses in Chelsea, Hammersmith, Paddington, Berkshire and in Singapore. Imperial is a major centre for biomedical research and is part of the Imperial College Healthcare academic health science centre. It is a member of numerous university associations including the Association of Commonwealth Universities, European University Association, G5, Association of MBAs, League of European Research Universities and Russell Group and forms part of the “golden triangle” of leading English universities.

Imperial is consistently included among the best universities in the world, ranking 2nd in the QS World University Rankings (2014) and 9th in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings (2014). According to a corporate study in The New York Times its graduates are among the 10 most valued in the world. Imperial’s faculty and alumni include 15 Nobel laureates, 2 Fields Medalists, 70 Fellows of the Royal Society, 82 Fellows of the Royal Academy of Engineering and 78 Fellows of the Academy of Medical Sciences.

The Imperial Institute

The Great Exhibition was organised by Prince Albert, Henry Cole, Francis Fuller and other members of the Royal Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce. The Great Exhibition made a surplus of £186,000 used in creating an area in the South of Kensington celebrating the encouragement of the arts, industry, and science. Albert insisted the Great Exhibition surplus should be used as a home for culture and education for everyone.


The Queen’s Tower

Imperial’s main campus is located in the South Kensington area of central London. It is situated in an area of South Kensington, known as Albertopolis, which has a high concentration of cultural and academic institutions, including the Natural History Museum, the Science Museum, the Victoria and Albert Museum, the Royal College of Music, the Royal College of Art, the Royal Geographical Society and the Royal Albert Hall. Recent major projects include the Imperial College Business School, the Ethos sports centre, the Southside hall of residence and the Eastside hall of residence. Current major projects include the reconstruction of the south-eastern quadrant of the South Kensington campus.

The Imperial Institute was created in 1887 to celebrate Queen Victoria’s Jubilee with the intention of it being a scientific research institution exploring and developing the raw materials of the Empire countries. The building was constructed in South Kensington between 1888 and 1893. Its central tower survives. There were smaller towers at the east and west end, a library, laboratories, conference rooms and exhibition galleries with gardens at the rear.


Imperial’s research and teaching is organised within a network of faculties and academic departments. Imperial currently has the following three constituent faculties:

Imperial College Faculty of Engineering

Imperial College Faculty of Medicine

Imperial College Faculty of Natural Sciences

Imperial College Business School


Imperial is among the top universities of the world and consistently included in the top 10 globally. Alongside the University of Cambridge, Imperial is tied for 1st outside the US, and 2nd in the world in the 2015 QS World University Rankings. Imperial is ranked 3rd outside the US, and 9th in the world in the 2015 Times Higher Education World University Rankings. Imperial is ranked 3rd outside the US, and 12th in the world in the inaugural 2015 U.S. News & World Report Global Ranking.

Public or Private School

First of all, there’s the private school versus public school issue. While this may sound like a cop-out response, there are advantages and disadvantages to both. Some private schools, for instance, do have strong relations with particular elite colleges, and thus a highly-recommended candidate from that school may be looked on quite favorably at decision time. On the other hand, the top private high schools often send dozens of applicants to the same handful of Ivy League and equivalent colleges, so it can be very hard to stand out in the crowd. Some private-school students who have been turned down by their first-choice colleges have been convinced that they would have fared better coming from public school, where they may have graduated first or second in the class.

In addition, the size and nature of the public school in question is important, as is the student/school match. Some teenagers thrive in a big, bustling school community while others need the more nurturing environment of a small private school.

However, contrary to popular belief, admission officials do not favor private-school applicants. Some, in fact, harbor subtle prejudices towards candidates whom they feel have had special advantages in life. Nonetheless, savvy admission directors also know that the top private schools are good “feeders” for them, and they have to keep the counseling directors at these places happy so that there isn’t a stampede of candidates to their competition.

The other issue that your question raises is burn out. Sometimes I want to throw my hands in the air and cry, “What are we doing to our children?” Even pre-teens today feel pressure to play on sports teams that practice nearly every day year round, to take the hardest classes offered at their schools and then extra enrichment courses outside of it. When one reads about the many high achievers who are turned away by the most competitive colleges every spring, it’s no wonder that parents–and students, too–feel that the only way to have a chance at a dream college is to do even more.

Thus, overstressed, anxious kids can be the product of both public and private schools. Depending on where you live, the competition at the upper levels in your local public high school can be as bad–or worse–than at a private school.

While all children will, to some degree, whine about the work involved in both their school and out-of-school pursuits, it’s important to keep an eye out to determine if they’re truly experiencing an overload and not just looking for more time with the telephone, TV, or Internet (though most every kid needs some of that, too).

Only you and your daughters can assess whether their level of academic pressure and extracurricular involvement is right for them–or too much. However, don’t assume that, if it’s the latter, then a switch to a new school will be a silver-bullet solution

Canadian study permit

In order to study in Canada, you will need to obtain a Canadian study permit, which serves as a Canadian student visa for the duration of your stay. You do not need a Canadian study permit if your course or program lasts six months or less. Nonetheless, it may be a good idea to apply for a permit before you come to Canada anyway otherwise if you decide you want to continue your studies in another program, you’ll need to leave Canada to apply for a study permit through a visa office.

Once you have a Canadian study permit, you can apply to renew it from within Canada if you decide to continue your studies. For full-time students registered at an accredited higher education institution, a study permit also allows you to work part-time on campus. You may also be able to work off-campus, work as a co-op or intern as part of your program, stay in Canada as a permanent resident or find work after you graduate.

Applying for a Canadian study permit

You can apply for a Canadian study permit either online or through a paper application, which can be obtained from the Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) website. Paper applications typically take about twice as long, and it’s always recommended to check the processing times well in advance. To apply online, you’ll need a credit/debit card and the ability to create electronic copies of your supporting documents (i.e. using a scanner or camera). The visa office in your country will provide specific instructions about which documents you need to provide; this can vary depending on your location. If you need assistance, you can get help at your nearest visa application center (VAC).

The process for obtaining a Canadian student visa is as follows:

You must first obtain a standardized letter of acceptance from a recognized higher education provider. Students studying in Quebec must also apply for a certificate of acceptance, known as a CAQ, from the government of Quebec. You must acquire this before you are permitted to apply for a study permit. You can get this online, by printing out a form, or by requesting a paper form from your university, which will also provide advice on this subject.

The next stage is to get a Canadian student visa application package, either from the CIC website or by contacting your local visa office, or the Canadian embassy or consulate in your home country. You may also need to obtain a temporary residence permit if you are from a designated country (find out if you need to get one here), but this will not complicate matters too much as it’ll be processed at the same time as your study permit application. In order to get your application package you’ll need to answer a few questions about yourself on the CIC website. These questions will determine whether you are eligible to apply online for a Canadian student permit. If you are found eligible, you will receive a personal checklist code, valid for 60 days, which you will need in order to submit your application online. Make sure to print out the page containing your code for future reference. The page will also include an application guide, an estimated tuition fees amount, a list of documents you will need to submit with your application, and guidelines for your next steps.

When you are ready to apply, create a MyCIC account, where you will enter your personal checklist code. You will then receive your personal document checklist which allows you to upload and send your documents to CIC. Once you have your documents and application form ready and have paid your fees, you can submit your completed application to CIC.

Some applicants may have to attend an interview at their local visa office.

Additional Canadian student visa requirements

Some or all of the following additional Canadian student visa requirements may also apply:

Applicants from certain countries will need to provide biometrics (photograph and fingerprints).

Some applicants may also need to get a medical exam and/or police check before submitting their application. You will not be able to get a study permit if you have a criminal record – you may be asked to provide a Police Clearance Certificate as proof.

Unless you’re from the US, St. Pierre and Miquelon, or Greenland, you will need to prove you have a valid passport which allows you to return to your country of origin after your course is complete. Two passport-sized pictures are also required, with your name and date of birth written on the back. Canadian student visa requirements also include proof of funds to support yourself. At present this is deemed to be C$10,000 (US$9,400) for every year of your stay (C$11,000/US$10,350 if you’re applying to study in Quebec) on top of your tuition fees. You will also need to make sure you have enough money to pay for transportation to return home.

To prove you have this money, you can provide any of the following documents: bank statements, evidence of a Canadian account in your name if the money’s been transferred, a bank draft in a convertible currency, proof of payment of tuition and accommodation fees, a letter from a person or institution providing you with money, or proof of funding paid from within Canada if you have a scholarship or are undertaking a Canadian-funded program. If and when your Canadian student visa application is approved, you’ll receive a letter of introduction, and a temporary residence visa if required. Present these along with your passport, proof of your finances and your letter of acceptance (and any other documents that you’ve been advised to take) to the border control agency in Canada, who will then issue your Canadian study permit and allow you access into Canada.

TCL College of Technology


For more than 100 years, Technical Career Institutes, also known as TCI College, has educated students in college career paths. TCI College is dually accredited from the New York State Board of Regents and by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education. TCI’s broad-based curricula offers industry current training at the Associate’s Degree level taught by more than 190 faculty.


Founded under the leadership of Nobel Prize recipient Guglielmo Marconi, and originally known as the Marconi Institute in New York City, TCI was originally a leading center for education and development in the communications industry. The school trained operators for “wireless telegraphy” which later evolved into radio. After World War I, General Electric became an investor in Marconi’s company and merged into the Radio Corporation of America (RCA), and the training school became Radio Institute of America in 1919. In 1929 the school was renamed RCA Institutes, led by Managing Director and graduate David Sarnoff, pioneer of American commercial radio and television, who was also the co-founder of the National Broadcasting Company (NBC) in 1926. Accreditation from the New York State Board of Regents was granted in 1972 and in 1974 the school was renamed Technical Career Institutes. Recently, the school has most commonly been known as TCI College.

College Life

Today, TCI serves thousands of students each semester in the spring, summer, or fall. The academic degree programs at TCI focus on technology, business, engineering, healthcare and many other career paths. The college offers flexible schedules so that you can attend class and achieve your goals while recognizing that students may have a busy, multifaceted lifestyle. Financial aid is available for those who qualify.

For over a decade, Community College Week ranked TCI as one of the top 2 year colleges in America. In their most recent survey for the 2009-2010 academic year, TCI ranked in the top 10 in the nation among two-year institutions in the awarding of Associate Degrees in Computer & Information Sciences & Support Services, in Engineering Technologies & Engineering related fields and in Family & Consumer Sciences/Human Services.

What is an Insurance Annuity

An annuity is a contract between you and your insurance company and let your profits increase and capitalize deferred taxes. The tax deferral is a very important to help accumulate money for retirement or other financial goals to meet long-term benefit.

The term “annuity” literally means “annual payments “. In addition to accumulation phase, the annuity also has a stage payment. When you buy an annuity, the insurance company agrees to pay you an income for a period of time; whether it starts immediately (an immediate annuity) or after the accumulation period comes to an end (a deferred annuity).

What types of annuity are available?

There are two main types of annuities: deferred and immediate you.
In the case of an immediate annuity, payments begin in revenue immediately. You decide if you want the revenues are guaranteed for a certain number of years or lifetime. The insurance company calculates the amount of each payment in revenue, according to the insured amount and your life expectancy.
A deferred annuity has two phases: the accumulation phase, during which money increases and the payment stage, which is when you begin to receive scheduled payments. During accumulation, increase profits based on deferred until you withdraw the money tax. You decide when to take income from your annuity.
The payment stage begins when you withdraw your annuity income. For most people, this happens during retirement. As determined by your needs, you can withdraw money partially, completely cancel your annuity or convert a stream of payments for ongoing income, which is called annuitisation. Basically, the latter option is equivalent to purchase an immediate annuity.

The Differences

Fixed annuities and variable differ in the way they generate profits and also on the amount of risk involved.
When you purchase a fixed annuity, the insurance company guarantees an interest rate for a period of time. At the end of this period, the insurance company will declare a renewal interest rate and a warranty period. In addition, most fixed annuities have a minimum interest rate that is guaranteed while the contract is in force. In other words, regardless of the market situation, you will never receive less than the guaranteed interest rate. Usually they fixed annuities are attractive to those who feel more comfortable knowing exactly how much money you are earning.
In the case of a variable annuity, you have more control over your investment. You distribute the funds through a variety of investment options, the objectives are from aggressive to conservative; is what insurance companies called sub ??- accounts. The performances of its investments are linked to the performance of the underlying investments of the sub – accounts. Generally, variable annuities are attractive to investors are willing to accept a higher return for the possibility of higher growth rate risk.
As an investment in securities, the amount of capital gains and investment in a variable annuity are not guaranteed and will fluctuate according to the performance of the implicit and when these investments are redeemed, an investor’s units may be worth more or less than the original cost.
Fixed annuities and variable offer a rich mix of capitalized interest and tax deferral. When your earnings are not subject to taxes each year, they are capitalized faster. The rapid growth of your money means more disposable income for you long term.

Andrews University

Andrews University is a university in Berrien Springs, Michigan. Founded in 1874 as Battle Creek College, it was the first higher education facility started by Seventh-day Adventists, and is the flagship university of the Seventh-day Adventist school system. Andrews is the largest evangelical Christian college or university in the state of Michigan, in terms of undergraduate and graduate enrollment.
The university consists of eight schools or colleges, offering 130 undergraduate majors and 70 graduate majors. In addition, post-baccalaureate degrees are offered by all. It is accredited by the Adventist Accrediting Association (AAA) and North Central Association of Colleges and Schools (NCA).
1874-1901 Battle Creek College
Andrews University was founded as a small Seventh-day Adventist school called Battle Creek College in 1874 named for the nearby city ofBattle Creek, Michigan.
1901-1959 Emmanuel Missionary College
In 1901, the school moved from Battle Creek, Michigan to its current location in Berrien Springs. It is said that everything the school had was packed up in 16 boxcars and sent on its way. The school was renamed “Emmanuel Missionary College”,or EMC for short. as “the first school among us having a distinctive Biblical name”. After this SDA college that had been known as Battle Creek College moved to Berrien Springs, Dr. John Harvey Kellogg opened a new Battle Creek College in Battle Creek under his presidency in 1923, by bringing together the existing Training School for Nurses, the School of Home Economics, and the School of Physical Education. This Battle Creek College operated until 1938. Emmanuel Missionary College continued to grow slowly through the early 20th century. In the 1940s, Nethery Hall, the current location of the College of Arts and Sciences, was built as the administration building. Its construction marked the culmination of an aggressive building program.
SDA Theological Seminary
In the 1930s Seventh-day Adventist leaders established a Theological Seminary. At first, it was located on the campus of Pacific Union College in the Napa Valley, California. Later it was moved to Washington, D.C. and located near the denominational headquarters.
1959-1974 Andrews University
The following events culminated in relocating the graduate program and theological seminary of Potomac University from Washington, D.C.and joining with the school in Berrien Springs in 1959.
Potomac University
In 1956, denominational leaders decided to organize a university in order to train elementary and secondary teachers in an Adventist school rather than send them to an unaffiliated university which did not promote a denominational perspective.
In 1956 a charter was granted. The new school was named Potomac University. Earlier, Ellen White, cofounder of the Adventist Church, had advised that Adventist schools locate in rural settings. Church leaders looked for a suitable rural location where the new university could be near to, and in affiliation with, Washington Missionary College, now Washington Adventist University. Over a period of two years effort was put forth to find such a location. Finally the idea was abandoned. Too much expense was involved in making such a move.
At the 1958 Autumn Council, held in Washington, the board of Emmanuel Missionary College invited the General Conference to locate Potomac University on its campus. After careful deliberation, the council voted unanimously to accept the offer and move the institution to the EMC campus.
Arrangements similar to those envisioned for Washington Missionary College were made with EMC. Emmanuel Missionary College did not lose its identity. It remained the college for the youth of the Lake Union Conference, but was affiliated with the new Seventh-day Adventist university.
In 1959, H. L. Rudy, a vice-president for the SDA General Conference, described the relationship of the new graduate university with Emmanuel Missionary College:
Potomac University (a new name is under study) has been founded to meet the graduate needs of students, teachers, ministers, and^ other workers of the church. As a “university-type General Conference institution” it draws students from the entire world field. The undergraduate school—Emmanuel Missionary College—will continue to recruit its students from its own territory, but the Seminary and the School of Graduate Studies may recruit students from the entire world field.
Renamed Andrews University
Because of the addition of the graduate programs and the seminary in 1960, the school was renamed “Andrews University” in honor ofJohn Nevins Andrews, an Adventist scholar and the first officially sponsored overseas missionary for the Seventh-day Adventist Church. Over the past three years, church leaders had discussed an appropriate new name for this graduate university.
On April 18, 1957, the Minutes of the General Conference Committee report gave the conclusion that ” the name of the graduate school be Adventist University”Three years later, the April 5, 1960, Minutes of the General Conference Committee’s Spring Meeting recommended that it be Andrews University, saying “This name was chosen because it honors our first missionary, a scholarly, dedicated man, J. N, Andrews, and is a name that has a very strong Adventist appeal.
Six months later, for the October 26 meeting of the Autumn Council decided that “the West Coast University be named Loma Linda University.”
These minutes reveal a growing awareness among church leaders that the Seventh-day Adventist Church had two, rather than just one, developing universities; one in the East and one on the West Coast.
Today the seminary is known as the Seventh-day Adventist Theological Seminary.
In 1974, the undergraduate division of Andrews was organized into two colleges—the College of Arts & Sciences and the College of Technology. The School of Business Administration, which evolved from the Department of Business Administration, was established in 1980. In a similar move, the Department of Education became the School of Education in 1983. In 1993, the Department of Architecture became the Division of Architecture, and is now the School of Architecture, Art & Design. At the same time existing and new programs in technology were restructured and a new School of Health Professions was opened in 2012.
The present organizational structure of the School of Graduate Studies was adopted in 1987. Now the School of Graduate Studies & Research, it oversees graduate programs and research activities campus-wide.
Griggs University joined Andrews in 2011 to become the School of Distance Education. It extends access to Adventist education beyond campus, community and national boundaries. It supports all schools in delivery of degrees at national and international locations, while also promoting and modeling best practices in distance education.
On Thursday, April 11, 2007, President Niels-Erik Andreasen announced at a special chapel assembly that the university had just received a gift totaling $8.5 million. The anonymous donors requested the money be spent on the following: Construction of the new entrance on Old US 31 (officially opened on June 2, 2008 and named J. N. Andrews Blvd.), Two endowed chairs: one for the Marketing Department in the School of Business Administration and the second in the Seventh-day Adventist Theological Seminary’s Christian Ministry Department, Construction of a milking parlor for the Andrews Dairy, Refurbish the kitchen and dining facilities in the Campus Center, and Support for the educational program of the Aeronautics Department.

Andrews University is located next to the Village of Berrien Springs in southwest Michigan. The entire campus is actually located within the Oronoko Charter Township, adjacent to the St. Joseph River and 12 miles (19 km) away from the shores ofLake Michigan. South Bend, Indiana, home of the University of Notre Dame, is 25 miles (40 km) away; thus, several Andrews faculty members hold joint appointments with Notre Dame.
The 1,600-acre (6.5 km2) campus was originally designated as an arboretum. The campus maintains a variety of indigenous trees, especially around the quad in the center of the campus. The campus is composed of 27 instructional buildings, theHoward Performing Arts Center, an airpark, four single-sex residence halls and four apartment complexes.
The four dormitories on campus are Lamson Hall, the undergraduate women’s hall, Damazo Hall, the graduate women’s hall,Meier Hall, the undergraduate men’s hall, and Burman Hall, primarily for men who are either graduate or seminary students. The residence halls strictly enforce a curfew depending on a student’s age, as well as a visitation policy which does not allow students of the opposite sex in dorm rooms at any time. Students living on-campus are also required to attend a number of worship services.

Arcadia University

Arcadia University is a private university located in Glenside, Pennsylvania, United States, on the outskirts of Philadelphia. A master’s university by Carnegie Classification, the university has a co-educational student population of approximately 4,000 (undergraduate and graduate). The university was ranked 25th in the master’s universities in the North category by U.S. News & World Report for the 2009 rankings. The 76-acre (310,000 m2) campus features Grey Towers Castle, a National Historic Landmark.

The school was founded in Beaver, Pennsylvania in 1853 as Beaver Female Seminary. By 1872, it had attained collegiate status, under the auspices of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and was named Beaver College. The school admitted men from 1872 to 1907, then again limited enrollment to women until 1972. In 1925 Beaver College moved east to Jenkintown, Pennsylvania. In 1928, the school acquired the current campus in Glenside. The college operated both the Jenkintown and Glenside campuses into the mid-1960s, when it consolidated all activities onto the Glenside campus. In July 2001, upon attaining university status, Beaver College officially changed its name to Arcadia University. Arcadia University is led by Nicolette DeVille Christensen, Ph.D., the University’s 21st president. Christensen was appointed president on Oct. 11, 2013.
Undergraduate programs

Grey Towers castle at Arcadia University
The university offers more than 80 fields of study in its undergraduate programs. Undergraduate majors are offered in the College of Arts & Sciences, College of Health Sciences, School of Education, and the School of Global Business. There is also an option for students to propose a self-designed major, which can consist of both courses offered in Glenside and available through study abroad.
Graduate programs
Graduate and professional studies at Arcadia University range widely from the liberal arts to the primarily professional, from the doctoral level to workshops. Arcadia’s international perspective is reflected in programs such as its accelerated part-time MBA with a Global Perspective, its Master of Arts in International Peace and Conflict Resolution and its new program in Paris, France. The master’s program in Forensic Science is accredited by FEPAC
The Doctor of Physical therapy program provides international opportunities for study abroad in London and Pro Bono opportunities in Jamaica, Guatemala, and Peru. There are clinical sites offered across the country, though mainly in the tri-state area.
International programs
The university is known for its study abroad programs. The 2014 Open Doors Report on International Education Exchange, from the Institute of International Education, ranked Arcadia No. 1 in the nation for the percentage of undergraduate students participating in a study abroad experience at a master’s level college or university. This was the fifth time in six years the University enjoyed the top ranking, and it has been in the top ten since 2004. The 2012-13 data from Open Doors shows 799 undergraduates studying abroad in that year, which compared to a total of 435 graduating students yields an estimated 183.7% participation rate. Two-thirds of first-year students participate in an overseas educational experience during Spring break. Arcadia also offers several programs overseas. In 2006, the Middle States Commission on Higher Education approved Arcadia’s proposal to establish an additional location in Paris and to extend its accreditation to cover the Masters in International Relations and Diplomacy offered in the French capital by the American Graduate School of International Relations and Diplomacy (AGSIRD), an institution created in 1994 by a group of international lawyers, scholars and diplomats, in partnership with the University of Paris 11The university also offers a one-year International MBA program in Paris, run in partnership with the American Graduate School of Business and Economics.In 2010, Arcadia announced the launch of its Asia expansion initiatives in collaboration with Aventis School of Management, a graduate school located in Singapore which offers Executive MBA, Master’s degrees and graduate diploma programs for working professionals. From 2011, Arcadia University is also offering their under graduation degree bbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbprograms in Russia at International Institute of Computer Technologies (IICT) with the cooperation of L&C Language and Culture Co.Ltd. (Official website). Recently, Arcadia University and IICT offer ‘Split Study Degree Programs’ for under graduates.
In 2006 Arcadia won the 2006 Senator Paul Simon Award for Campus Internationalization from NAFSA: Association of International Educators
In 2005, Arcadia University allied with IFSA-Butler to form the Alliance for Global Education, partly inspired by the Lincoln Commission’s call to send 1M students overseas by 2017. The Lincoln Commission died in committee, but the Alliance for Global Education is still a thriving organization, specializing in sending students to India, China, and other Asian countries.
Student life
Arcadia University teams compete in the NCAA Division III within the Commonwealth Conference of the Middle Atlantic Conferences Men’s sports teams include baseball, basketball, cross country, golf, lacrosse, soccer, swimming and tennis. Women’s sports teams include basketball, cross country, field hockey, golf, lacrosse, soccer, softball, swimming, tennis, and volleyball.
§Student organizations
As of Fall 2014, Arcadia University has more than 90 active governing, academic, sport, cultural, media, religious, and service clubs and organizations.

American University

American University (AU or American) is a private, coeducational, liberal arts curriculum, doctoral, and research-based university in Washington, D.C., United States, affiliated with the United Methodist Church, although the university’s curriculum is secular. The university was chartered by an Act of Congress on February 24, 1893 as “The American University,” when the bill was approved by President Benjamin Harrison. Roughly 7,200 undergraduate students and 5,230 graduate students are currently enrolled. AU is a member of the Consortium of Universities of the Washington Metropolitan Area. A member of the Division I Patriot League, its sports teams compete as the American University Eagles. AU’s 84-acre campus is designated as a national arboretum and public garden that has a rich botanical history.
American’s main campus is located at the intersection of Nebraska and Massachusetts Avenues at Ward Circle in the Spring Valleyneighborhood of Northwest Washington. The area is served by the Tenleytown-AU station on the Washington Metro subway line in the nearby neighborhood of Tenleytown.
AU was named the most politically active school in the nation in The Princeton Review’s annual survey of college students in 2008, 2010, and 2012. American University is especially known for promoting international understanding reflected in the diverse student body from more than 150 countries, the university’s course offerings, the faculty’s research, and from the regular presence of world leaders on its campus. The university has six unique schools, including the well-regarded School of International Service(SIS), currently ranked 8th in the world for its graduate programs and 9th in the world for its undergraduate program in International Affairs by Foreign Policy, and the Washington College of Law.

Hurst Hall, is the oldest building on campus. Originally the history department, it now houses the Department of Biology and Environmental Studies
The American University was established in the District of Columbia by an Act of Congress on December 5, 1892, primarily due to the efforts of Methodist bishop John Fletcher Hurst.
After more than three decades devoted principally to securing financial support, the university was officially dedicated on May 15, 1914. The first instruction began on October 6 of that year, when 28 students were enrolled (19 of them graduate students, nine of them special students who were not candidates for a degree). The First Commencement, at which no degrees were awarded, was held on June 2, 1915. The Second Annual Commencement was held on June 2, 1916 where the first degrees (one master’s degree and two doctor’s degrees) were awarded.

Birthplace of Army Chemical Corps
Shortly after these early commencement ceremonies, classes were interrupted by war. During World War I, the university allowed the U.S. military to use some of its grounds for testing. In 1917, the U.S. military divided American University into two segments, Camp American University andCamp Leach. Camp American University became the birthplace of the United States’ chemical weapons program, and chemical weapons were tested on the grounds; this required a major cleanup effort in the 1990s. Camp Leach was home to advanced research, development and testing of modern camouflage techniques. As of 2014, the Army Corps of Engineers is still removing ordnance including mustard gas and mortar shells.
During the next ten years, instruction was offered at the graduate level only, in accordance with the original plan of the founders. In the fall of 1925, the College of Liberal Arts (subsequently named the College of Arts and Sciences) was established. Since that date, the University has offered both undergraduate and graduate degrees and programs. In 1934, the School of Public Affairs was founded.
During World War II, the campus again offered its services to the U.S. government and became home to the U.S. Navy Bomb Disposal School and a WAVE barracks. For AU’s role in these wartime efforts, the Victory ship SS American Victory was named in honor of the university.

President John F. Kennedy delivers the commencement address at American University, June 10, 1963
The present structure of the university began to emerge in 1949. The Washington College of Law became part of the University in that year, having begun in 1896 as the first coeducational institution for the professional study of law in the District of Columbia. Shortly thereafter, three departments were reorganized as schools: the School of Business Administration in 1955 (subsequently named the Robert P. and Arlene R. Kogod College of Business Administration and in 1999 renamed the Kogod School of Business); the School of Government and Public Administration in 1957; and the School of International Service in 1958.
In the early 1960s, the Department of Defense and the Central Intelligence Agency operated a think tank under the guise of Operation Camelot at American University. The government abandoned the think tank after the operation came to public attention. AU’s political intertwinement was furthered by President John F. Kennedy’s Spring 1963 commencement address. In the speech, Kennedy called on the Soviet Union to work with the United States to achieve a nuclear test ban treaty and to reduce the considerable international tensions and the specter of nuclear war during that juncture of the Cold War.
From 1965 to 1977, the College of Continuing Education existed as a degree-granting college with responsibility for on- and off-campus adult education programs. The Lucy Webb Hayes School of Nursing provided undergraduate study in Nursing from 1965 until 1988. In 1972, the School of Government and Public Administration, the School of International Service, the Center for Technology and Administration, and the Center for the Administration of Justice (subsequently named the School of Justice) were incorporated into the College of Public and International Affairs.
The University bought the Immaculata Campus in 1986 to alleviate space problems. This would later become Tenley Campus.
In 1986, construction on the Adnan Khashoggi Sports and Convocation Center began. Financed with $5 million from and named for Saudi Arabian Trustee Adnan Khashoggi, the building was intended to update athletics facilities and provide a new arena, as well as a parking garage and office space for administrative services. Costing an estimated $19 million, the building represented the largest construction project to date, but met protest by both faculty and students to the University’s use of Khashoggi’s name on the building due to his involvement in international arms trade.
In 1988, the College of Public and International Affairs was reorganized to create two free-standing schools: the School of International Service and the School of Public Affairs, incorporating the School of Government and Public Administration and the School of Justice. That same year, construction on the Adnan Khashoggi Sports Center completed while the Iran-Contra Affair controversy was at its height although his name remained on the building until after Khashoggi defaulted on his donation obligation in the mid to late 1990s.

The American University flag
The School of Communication became independent from the College of Arts and Sciences in 1993.
In 1997, American University of Sharjah, the only coeducational, liberal arts university in the United Arab Emirates, signed a two-year contract with AU to provide academic management, a contract which has since been extended multiple times through August 2009. A team of senior AU administrators relocated to Sharjah to assist in the establishment of the university and guide it through the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools accreditation process.
In 2003, American launched the largest fund raising campaign in its history. The program, ANewAU,has a goal of raising $200 million. As of October 2009, the University had raised $189.6 million. When the campaign is completed, the University’s website stated that it would “help to attract and retain the finest faculty, increase scholarship support, create and endow research and policy centers, ensure state-of-the-art resources in all of our schools and colleges, expand global programs, and secure the long-term financial health of the university by boosting the endowment.”
In the fall of 2005, the new Katzen Arts Center opened.
Benjamin Ladner was suspended from his position as president of the university on August 24, 2005, pending an investigation into possible misuse of university funds for his personal expenses. University faculty passed votes of no confidence in President Ladner on September 26.On October 10, 2005, the Board of Trustees of American University decided that Ladner would not return to American University as its president. Dr. Cornelius M. Kerwin, a long-time AU administrator, served as interim president and was appointed to the position permanently on September 1, 2007, after two outsiders declined an offer from the Board of Trustees. According to The Chronicle of Higher Education, Ladner received a total compensation of $4,270,665 in his final year of service, the second highest of any university president in the United States.
Ground was broken for the new School of International Service building on November 14, 2007 and completed in 2010. A speech was given by Senator Daniel K. Inouye (D-HI).

Aerial view of main campus
American University has two non-contiguous campuses used for academics and student housing: the main campus on Massachusetts Avenue, and the Tenley Campus on Nebraska Avenue. An additional facility houses the Washington College of Law, located half a mile northwest of the main campus on Massachusetts Avenue. Additionally, AU owns several other buildings in the Tenleytown and Spring Valley, and American University Park areas.
§Main campus
The first design for campus was done by Frederick Law Olmsted but was significantly modified over time due to financial constraints. The campus occupies 84 acres (340,000 m²) adjacent to Ward Circle, the intersection of Nebraska and Massachusetts Avenues. AU’s campus is predominantly surrounded by the affluent residential neighborhoods characteristic of the Northwest Quadrant of Washington, D.C. Highlights of the campus include a main quadrangle surrounded by academic buildings, nine residential halls, a 5,000-seat arena, and an outdoor amphitheatre. The campus has been designated a public garden and arboretum by the American Public Garden Association, with many foreign and exotic plants and trees dotting the landscape.

University Degrees Explained

With all the abbreviations out there denoting different college and university degrees–A.S., B.A., B.S., M.A., Ph.D.–it can be hard to figure out what degree you might want to work toward or what someone else’s degree means. To make things even more confusing, the same degree might involve slightly different requirements at different universities. However, for the most part, each acronym implies the same level of study for graduates of U.S. schools.

Associate Degree

  • The associate degree usually takes two years of study to attain. It is commonly offered by community colleges and vocational institutes, though some four-year schools will grant an associate degree after the first two years of study.

    Most associate degrees are in professional studies such as nursing, dental hygiene, or office management, such that finishing the degree allows students to seek entry-level positions in their fields right away. However, it is also possible to earn an associate degree in liberal arts (humanities and social sciences); students at community colleges who seek to transfer to four-year schools often earn this type of degree, so their credits will transfer more easily.

    Depending on the college and the focus of studies, an associate degree might be denoted by the acronym A.S. (associate of science), A.A.S. (associate of applied science) or A.A. (associate of arts).

Bachelor’s Degree

  • The Bachelor’s degree is a four-year undergraduate degree offered by virtually all universities. If the focus of study is in the arts or humanities (for example, sociology, history or English) the degree is usually called a B.A. (bachelor of arts), while a focus in a science (chemistry or computer engineering) leads to a B.S. (bachelor of science).

    Some universities, give special names to degrees in particular subjects, even if they fall under the category of “arts” or “sciences.” For example, a design school might grant the B.Arch. (bachelor of architecture), even though an architecture major at another school with a similar educational background might get a B.A. Many teacher-training colleges grant the B.Ed. (bachelor of education). There is also the B.Comp.Sc. (bachelor of computer science), B.B.A. (bachelor of business administration, B.F.A. (bachelor of fine arts) and B. Eng. (bachelor of engineering).

Master’s Degree

  • Those who already hold a bachelor degree might decide to return to university for graduate study and earn a master’s degree. Depending on the university and the area of study, it might take one to three years of full-time study to earn a master’s.

    Like the bachelor’s, the master’s degree might be a master of arts (M.A.) or master of science (M.S.) degree, and once again different universities sometimes offer more specific names for their degrees, such as the M.Ed. (master of education), M.F.A. (master of fine arts), M.B.A. (master of business administration) and M.P.H. (master of public health).

Doctoral Degrees

  • Doctoral degrees are the highest-level and most prestigious degrees offered by universities. They usually take four to seven years of post-graduate studies to finish.

    There are basically two types of doctoral degrees: academic degrees and professional degrees.

    Academic doctorates are usually denoted by the letters Ph.D., which stands for doctor of philosophy, but applies to degrees in any of the arts or sciences; D.Eng. (doctor of engineering) or Ed.D. (doctor of education). These degrees require not only extensive coursework, but also a dissertation, a long project of independent research and writing.

    Professional degrees include the M.D. for medical doctors, J.D. for lawyers and C.D. for chiropractors.

    Many universities grant doctorates with other initials, such as the D.Div. (doctor of divinity), Psy.D. (for clinical psychologists) and D.O. (doctor of osteopathy).

Abbreviation Cheat Sheet

  • Let’s say you are reading people’s resume and you are trying to figure out how many years they have attended college. Here’s an almost sure-fire way to figure it out based on the abbreviations of their degrees. If it starts with an “A,” they went to college for two years; if it starts with a “B,” they went to college for four years; if it starts with an “M” they did four years of college, plus one to three years afterward; if it starts or ends with a “D” they went to college for four years, plus at least three to seven years afterward.


Qualifications explained

Qualifications explained


Undergraduate courses

Programmes taken at undergraduate level are available in a variety of subjects, with most leading to a degree. However, there are some which result in qualifications below degree level.

Typically, an undergraduate qualification is from a university and reflects higher learning than GCE A-level (or its equivalent). There are three broad types of undergraduate course:

  • those which lead to a degree;
  • those that are termed intermediate qualifications; and
  • those of direct vocational relevance, termed National Vocational Qualifications.

Most undergraduate degree courses lead to honours degrees in three years. In modern foreign languages, an extra year is usually spent overseas. In subjects such as medicine and architecture, courses may take even longer.

Types of undergraduate qualifications


Most honours degrees are called Bachelor of Arts (BA) orBachelor of Science (BSc). Some subjects differ, for example, Bachelor of Education (BEd), the LLB in Law and BEng in Engineering. In Scotland it normally takes four years to achieve an honours degree and you will find that some honours degree titles are MA (Master of Arts) as well as Bachelors.

A Certificate of Higher Education (CertHE) may be awarded after one year of undergraduate study and a Diploma in Higher Education (DipHE) may be awarded after two. These are sometimes referred to as intermediate-level qualifications.

Some undergraduate courses lead to intermediate qualifications; these include foundation degrees (FD)and Higher National Diplomas (HND). These are achievable following two years, full-time study (or part-time equivalent) and are almost always in work-related subjects. It is possible to ‘top up’ to an honours degree from a foundation degree or a Higher National Diploma by doing further study. For more information on what your intermediate qulification can lead to, see options with your foundation degree and your HND, what next?

What does an undergraduate course involve?

Most undergraduate courses are taught with classes and tutorials to attend, and some undergraduate courses combine traditionally taught elements with distance learning; referred to as ‘blended learning’.

Undergraduate qualifications allow you to develop your skills and knowledge in specific academic or work-related areas. You are able to direct your own learning to develop your analytical and writing skills as well as subject knowledge. Some courses offer valuable hands-on experience that is needed to continue into certain industries.

Assessment is through written assignments and exams, with practical tasks, design work, experiments, research and performance possibly being required too. Information on how you will be assessed and graded should be researched before applying for an undergraduate course.

Qualifications gained through undergraduate study are highly regarded by employers and they are normally compulsory if you want to continue into postgraduate higher education.